Agriculture in New Zealand is one of the most expansive industries in the country, contributing significantly to the national GDP. Most of the agricultural produce is either for local consumption or for export, with New Zealand sending these products to over 140 countries around the world. The major trading partners are China, the United States, Australia, and Japan, among others. New Zealand is known to be among the top producers of dairy products, beef, forest products and other crops, such as cereals and fruit. Here, we consider the agricultural activities in the country, and what factors have contributed to the growth of the industry.
Agriculture In New Zealand
This is an introduction on agricultural activities in New Zealand, with some emphasis on the role of the government, farmers themselves and other stakeholders. We have also gone a step further, as we have discussed the future of agriculture in the country. Discover some factors and conditions which we think will disrupt how agricultural activities are conducted.
Farmers in New Zealand rely on pastures to feed their livestock during the summer, and during the winter, animals are fed with silage and hay. Most cows and sheep are kept outdoors, with pigs being reared in a shed, which helps protect them from adverse conditions that may have an effect on their health.
Crop farming is widely practised in New Zealand, with the country being a major fruit producer. Some of the common fruits which are grown include the kiwi fruit, apples, and berries, among others. Horticulture is becoming a popular method of cultivation. Plants such as onions, tomatoes and other perishable crops, are now being grown in greenhouses.
Agricultural technology has helped farmers maximise profits by helping simplify work and increase the quality of farm produce. Read through this section to get an idea of how technology has influenced agriculture in New Zealand.